Why Indian Democracy isn’t the way it should be?

Before coming to the topic, let’s first understand what ‘democracy’ means. Democracy, or democratic government, is “a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity … are involved in making decisions about its affairs, typically by voting to elect representatives to a parliament or similar assembly,” as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary. Democracy is further defined as (a:) “government by the people; especially : rule of the majority (b:) ” a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.”

Now, democracy has its own positives, such as, protection of people, accountability, promotion of feeling of duty and obligation towards the common good, sense of involvement, scope of policy change, imposition of equality, non-concentration of power, expected higher level of transparency, etc. But in a country like India, it fails to achieve its goals. Why? I am making fifteen points in bulleted-form below:

  1. Inefficiency– Economists like Milton Friedman have strongly criticized the efficiency of democracy. They base this on their premise of the irrational voter. Their argument is that voters are highly uninformed about many political issues, especially relating to economics, and have a strong bias about the few issues on which they are fairly knowledgeable. A common example often quoted to substantiate this point is the high economic development achieved by China (a non-democratic country) as compared to India (a democratic country).
  2. Poor Leadership In a democracy, the ultimate power lies with the people. This becomes a problem whenever people are uneducated on major issues or do not take the time to investigate candidates and arguments thoroughly. Also, people are prone to making emotional decisions which may be the wrong one.
  3. Vested interest of voters– This can be understood by taking the recent example of OROP (One Rank One Pension). Although the previous governments never cared to implement it, no one made a fuss, but now that the Central Govt. has put it into action (with some short-comings that can only be studied properly and removed after a few years of implementation), a group of ex-soldiers are creating ruckus and returning their medals as a mark of protest. This has been taken as an opportunity by parties such as AAP and INC to malign the Modi govt. and I am sure that this will heavily affect the upcoming Punjab elections.
  4. Popular rule as a facade– The 20th-century Italian thinkers Vilfredo Pareto and Gaetano Mosca (independently) argued that democracy was illusory, and served only to mask the reality of elite rule. Indeed, they argued that elite oligarchy is the unbendable law of human nature, due largely to the apathy and division of the masses (as opposed to the drive, initiative and unity of the elites), and that democratic institutions would do no more than shift the exercise of power from oppression to manipulation. Take for example, the case of India since Independence, where most of the times, a single family ruled the country in the name of democracy. One can find politics being passed through generations in every political party. In fact, Indian democracy is more like a mix of oligarchy and monarchy.
  5. Mob rule– One big downside to democracy is the possibility that mobs will still have influence. Though the public is the one doing the voting, mobs can still influence the voters’ decisions. Here we can add the role of opinion leaders belonging to different sections of the society.
  6. Political instability– More recently, democracy is criticized for not offering enough political stability. As governments are frequently elected on and off there tends to be frequent changes in the policies of democratic countries both domestically and internationally. Even if a political party maintains power, vociferous, headline grabbing protests and harsh criticism from the mass media are often enough to force sudden, unexpected political change. Frequent policy changes with regard to business and immigration are likely to deter investment and so hinder economic growth. For this reason, many people have put forward the idea that democracy is undesirable for a developing country like India, in which economic growth and the reduction of poverty are top priorities. The opportunist alliance not only has the handicap of having to cater to too many ideologically opposing factions, but it is usually short lived since any perceived or actual imbalance in the treatment of coalition partners, or changes to leadership in the coalition partners themselves, can very easily result in the coalition partner withdrawing its support from the government. At this point, the statement made by ex-PM Dr. Manmohan Singh regarding the ‘coalition dharma’ and his inability to take action against his coalition parties indulged in scams comes to mind.
  7. Fraudulent election– In representative democracies, it may not benefit incumbents to conduct fair elections. A study showed that incumbents who rig elections stay in office 2.5 times as long as those who permit fair elections. Democracies in countries with high per -capita income have been found to be less prone to violence, but in countries with low incomes the tendency is the reverse. Election misconduct is more likely in countries with low per-capita incomes, small populations, rich in natural resources, and a lack of institutional checks and balances. India and Sub-Saharan countries, all tend to falls into that category.Governments that have frequent elections tend to have significantly more stable economic policies than those governments who have infrequent elections. However, this trend does not apply to governments where fraudulent elections are common. In India, one can easily notice how the model code of conduct is violated during the elections, mostly done deliberately, so as to gain unjustified advantage. Some examples being distribution of cash, goods, liquor, etc. During the elections, rigging of ballot machines, use of muscle power to create fear among voters, or even manipulation with the voters lists is quite common.
  8. Opposition– Democracy in modern times has almost always faced opposition from the previously existing government, and many times it has faced opposition from social elites. Case in point is the role of UPA, that is hampering the functioning of Indian Parliament and hence stalling the passing of important bills, for example, GST. Another example is the BJP opposing FDI in multi-brand retail when it was in opposition. This is directly affecting the development of the nation and the benefits of the proposed bill is yet to be passed to the public.
  9. Inefficient In a large democracy, the process of voting becomes very unwieldy and inefficient. The larger the democracy becomes, the more prone this process becomes to mistakes or deliberate tampering. The time it takes to see that the voting process is carried out correctly makes it impossible to come to quick decisions. Also, during the long time during which the entire process happens, public may change its voting preference, either because of someone’s influence or due to change in circumstances.
  10. Minorities In a democracy, minorities have no power. The vote always goes whichever way the majority decides. This often leads to an exploitation of minorities. Please note that here I am not referring to minorities based on a specific caste or religion, but in terms of their percentage of the total voters.
  11. Representatives might not serve their jurisdiction properly– Sometimes, the majority vote often ends up as not the favorable vote. This means that the person who ends up representing a particular jurisdiction can have different opinions than those they serve. There are many cases where representatives seem to serve their own needs and preferences rather than those of the people they are supposed to represent. For instance, if a wealthy representative ends up serving a jurisdiction that is mostly low income, they might not be able to relate to the problems and therefore can’t provide the necessary solutions. Even worse, they might not be aware of the plight of their constituents.
  12. Citizens don’t participate in a representative democracy– In the end, it’s the representative who has the final say on things, and most of the time, the opinion of constituents is not even considered.
  13. It is prone to the “free time rules” system– In democracy, people who have the most amount of free time would get to attend meetings frequently, influencing the government decisions that would be made. On the other hand, people with full and busy schedules would have no time to attend these meetings and could not have the same pull. In India, only a small percentage of voters are working people and even fewer are in organized sectors. Those who are unemployed look for quick benefits and often vote decisively.
  14. Casteism, regionalism, and communalism– In India, voters are heavily influenced by the caste system, the region they belong to, and the religion they follow. All these become vital deciding factors while voting and most often result in the selection of inappropriate candidate. A recent example can be the Bihar election of 2015, where a corrupt politician like Lalu Yadav again came to power with the help of Nitish Kumar and Sonia Gandhi.
  15. Role of media– Considered as the fourth pillar of democracy, Media acts as an interface between the common man and the Government. It is a very powerful tool with the ability to make and break the opinion of people. And when this pillar gets rusted, it leads to anomalies within democracy. Transparency and accountability are a must for proper functioning of media. The nexus between corrupt media-persons, criminals, businessmen and politicians seems to snatch the serenity and peace of our country. For their vested interest, they throw the whole society into an inferno. Who can forget the irresponsible coverage of Taj Attacks or the Radia Tapes Controversy? The silver lining is that with social media coming into a powerful position, the traditional media has lost its dominance to a certain extent and can’t hide the truth for long.

Lastly, I will quote Winston Churchill, who had a dismal view on voters’ ability to process information. He once said: “the best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter”.

 

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The SORRY state of India

Disclaimer: This article is not meant for those who are consumed by ego and treat a difference in opinion as an attack up on their identity.

This article tries to expose all those people and institutions who are trying to malign the country and the central govt. for their own vested interests.

From past few days, I am seeing a heated debate on the issue of ‘rising intolerance’ within the society. Is it true? Let’s find out…

It’s not just a coincidence that we got to hear about ‘intolerance’ only after the formation of Modi govt. Before that, was the country a tolerant one? What happened during Modi’s governance that led to a feeling of fear among a group of people?

Actually this fake atmosphere of insecurity is a propaganda spread by political parties (such as Congress, AAP, etc.), majority of media who are either owned by or get some kind of benefits from such political parties, the opinion leaders of so called minority religions, self-claimed intellectuals eager to get into limelight, fake socialists and secularists, pseudo liberals, anti-nationalists, naxals, and all those entities who are at some kind of loss because of formation of a govt. that is trying to bring development in the country and pass its benefits to the general public.

It all started when Delhi Elections 2015 was still to happen. This was followed by a series of rumors such as nun-rape in WB, Dadri lynching, and what not. You can get details about such incidents and the truth behind them from the below provided link:

http://myvoice.opindia.com/2015/11/the-intolerant-elite-how-distorted-narrative-is-hurting-india/

Meanwhile, actual incidents involving killing of people belonging to Hinduism (a sheer being killed in WB, a hindu boy killed in Bihar for marrying a muslim girl, etc) was cleverly left unnoticed. Recently prof T.Joseph’s hand was chopped off in Kerala,VHP activist was beaten to death for protesting against Tipu jayanti, but no one complained!!

According to Home Minister Rajnath Singh, If there is any word which is being misused in Indian politics, that is ‘Secular’. BJP is labelled as a communal party and rest all parties become secular. I want to ask the basis on which all these identities are generated. If you go through the history of communal violence in India, you will find that most of them happened during Congress rule. Who can forget the Sikh Massacre of 1984 or the Bhagalpur riots of 1989? No one talks about Ethnic cleansing of Kashmiri Hindus. For the secular ones, only one riot ever happened in India, the Gujarat riots of 2002 and they held Modi responsible for it, no matter his involvement is still to be proved in any court case.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_massacres_in_India

Secularism has become synonymous with minority appeasement for vote bank politics giving rise to pseudo-secularism, which is the root cause of many problems of country. How can one forget the mercy petition signed for saving a terrorist (Yakub Memon), Congress leader Salman Khurshid visiting Pakistan and criticizing his own govt. without any concrete reason just to show his affinity to his religion, or Mani Shankar Aiyar asking the Pakistan govt to help INC in toppling the democratically chosen Indian govt so as to create a sense of brotherhood between the two countries? But still they are secular. Media avoids talking on these issues and celebrities/intellectuals prefer to keep quiet.

The crusader of corruption, Arvind Kejriwal, suddenly starts openly supporting a corrupt politician like Lalu Prasad yadav, just to keep BJP away from power. Nitish Kumar starts talking about Muslim reservation so as to become the CM of Bihar, Mamata Banerjee wins election by providing voting right to illegal Bangladeshi immigrants when Hindus in her state are living a pathetic life (Durga Puja banned in Hindu Majority Village in WB due to objection of Minority Muslim Community, restrictions on immersion of idols of Goddess Durga on the occassion of Vijayadashmi, and even beheading of the idols by Islamic goons). Mulayam Singh along with his son openly justify their policies of Muslim appeasement. But in all these cases, no one bats an eyelid.

Media always gives high footage to statements made by Hindu fringe elements such as Sadhvi Prachi or Yogi Adityanath and criticizes them but never asks answers from the likes of Azam Khan or Owaishi brothers. Why? Because it doesn’t serve their purpose.

Bollywood actor Shahrukh Khan started making hue & cry about intolerance when he got ED summons thrice: http://zeenews.india.com/sports/cricket/ed-issues-third-summons-to-shah-rukh-khan_1814951.html

His peer Aamir Khan chose to speak about the same just before the start of Winter Session of the Indian Parliament so as to provide fodder to opposition parties to stall passing of important bills.

http://www.livemint.com/Politics/3qWj7gnUuSiGWcWBOsjtNJ/Winter-session-begins-with-Sonia-Gandhi-attacking-govt-over.html

When common people frustrated by his remarks started opposing his opinion by peacefully boycotting Snapdeal, a brand that the actor endorses, suddenly an insecure Indian became a proud Indian overnight.

Coming to the case of Snapdeal boycott, some self-obsessed intellectuals started terming it as a stupid idea, asking what it has to do with Aamir Khan. Most probably they forgot that a brand can’t be separated from its brand ambassador. Having a brand ambassador is always considered as a double edged sword. If he can generate revenues for you, he can also make a dent in company’s pocket by behaving irresponsibly. A brand ambassador endorses the brand, charges money in lieu of it, the company sells the product to consumers at a particular price, a part of which goes in making payment to the brand ambassador. Tiger Woods is a prime example of someone whose wholesome image crumbled quickly after allegations of multiple affairs went public, leaving many of the brands he was affiliated to in a difficult position. The best strategy for Snapdeal will be to distance itself from Aamir Khan. It should understand that he is only one component of the overall marketing strategy and the company still has to protect its brand and business.

Now one may ask why only Snapdeal faced the brunt; and not other brands that the actor endorses (Tata Sky, Samsung, etc.). Well, there are two reasons for it. First, why will any sensible person destroy his hard earned money by breaking his Samsung TV as a mark of protest? Secondly, In one of his sermons on the show ‘Satyamev Jayate’, Aamir preached ethics to doctors. He turned into a ‘social superman’ and objected at the medicines and drugs being sold without prescription. All that is great ! Its a very good thing that he did. But the problem arose, when Aamir chose to endorse Snapdeal. As per sources, he earned something between 15 to 20 crore in the deal. It was later discovered that the company was involved in selling illegal drugs without prescription online. Its another matter, that such a thing escaped the knowledge of Mr perfectionist, who is known in the industry for his through homework. So, now that the truth is out, why Mr. Khan hasn’t terminated the contract ?

Again, some people are miffed that boycotting Snapdeal will ruin the company’s credentials. Really? And what about the credentials of brand India that suffered a setback because of all this drama going on? Particularly when the actor was associated with govt sponsored schemes like Swach Bharat Abhiyan, Incredible India, and Atithi Devo Bhava? And by the way, if there is no relation between Aamir and Snapdeal boycott, then there wasn’t any relation between award-wapasi and protest against central govt. Why the drama of medal-wapasi when OROP got implemented, why not when it was denied at the first place? The reason is that Punjab Assembly Elections is coming up !!

Isn’t it astonishing that a porn star feels safe in India but actors ruling the Bollywood since decades find the country unsafe? Doesn’t it surprise you when Malala Yousafzai says that she relates to Indian culture the most, but a celebrity living under high security and earning crores of rupees feels that India is intolerant nowadays? The same actors visit Switzerland to shoot movies but never make a fuss about the country where you have to pay a hefty fine of $9,835 if you are found wearing a burqa. When they are strip-searched in USA just because they have the surname Khan, do they feel proud? Or Saudi is more good place to live where use of capital punishment is based on Shari’ah (or Islamic law) and is condemned internationally because of the wide range of crimes which can result in the death penalty and because it is usually carried out by public beheading. Even in Syria and Iraq, ISIS treats Indian recruits as inferiors!

Why in a country where most of the times Hindus and Muslims are living peacefully, the seed of communal hatred is being sown? (You can go through the FB post of Sofiya Rangwala that she posted today.

Its good to see that there are some sensible people left in this country who condemned the nonsense Aamir was talking about (Anupam Kher, Shatrughan Sinha, Om Puri, Raveena Tandon, etc.)

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/lucknow/aamir-failed-to-instill-patriotism-in-wife-mulayams-daughter-in-law/

http://www.jansatta.com/national/ashok-pandit-blog-says-aamir-khan-dividing-india-in-the-name-of-tolerance/51165/

But equally worrisome is the behaviour of some journalists who are baised against Modi since time immemorial. An example that comes to my mind is Saba Naqvi.

http://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/toi-edit-page/fight-or-flight-in-all-fairness-to-aamir-khan-he-never-said-he-was-leaving/

One can notice that she gives the example of M F Hussain in her article, but willingly decides to censor the cases of Salman Rushdie, Taslima Nasreen, fatwas against Sania Mirza, A R Rahman, etc. She says that India’s 172 million Muslims do not need to pass any loyalty test, especially one framed by those who hardly cover the country with any glory. But in my opinion, not only 170 Million muslims but frankly every muslim now is under the ambit of suspicion. Muslims wage war over religion and not economy or politics.. When the Burmese do injustice to Rohingyas, they create a ruckus in Mumbai and destroy our army monument, unfurl flag of ISIS in Kashmir.. most terrorists today are from well to do families and literate.. Muslims who went to syria to fight with ISIS were good students until religion called them… you never know when your muslim colleague stabs you just because he became too religious one day and wanted to kill a Kafir… Aamir Khan can say whatever to India but he too wont leave India because this is the only place where he lives a superstar life.. today a Hindu is more scared walking alone in a muslim majority area rather than a Muslim in a Hindu majority area… the suspicion increases manyfold when muslims throng Yakubs funeral in thousands and come out in his support.

You can also notice the irony embedded in the article of BBC (yeah the same moronic broadcaster who had aired the fake documentary related to child labour in Bangalore). 

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-34918431

On one hand, it says that Indian muslims are continuously being oppressed, but on the other hand, it sees a ray of hope in the recent Bihar elections (where 86% of muslim population decisively voted for the Grand Alliance).

Finally, my advice to the Muslim fraternity is that don’t pay heed to what politicians say, what media shows, and follow the below mentioned points:

Talk about development and education, rather than reservation and haj-subsidies; learn science and technology instead of madrasa preachings; consider this country as your motherland and show respect to the same; leave peacefully with others as you all were doing till date; and last but not the least, listen to the the oppressed ones among your own religion, not the imams and maulvis who have never cared about you but remain indulged in issuing obnoxious fatwas.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/online-intolerance-kerala-journo-faces-threats-for-writing-about-madrasa-child-abuse_1826499.html

 

Update: Shiv Sena offers Rs 1 lakh ‘reward’ to anyone who slaps Aamir.

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/shiv-sena-offers-rs-1-lakh-reward-to-anyone-who-slaps-aamir/

I condemn these kind of activities, and hope that the central govt. takes strong action against such divisive elements immediately.

Let us join hands and maintain only one identity, of being an Indian, and together we can change this country for its betterment. Make our country proud.

Jai Hind !!

The truth behind Indian Secularism and the curious case of Aamir Khan

Yesterday, I was going through the statement made by Bollywood actor Aamir Khan. Speaking at the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism awards in New Delhi on Monday, Aamir had said that he felt “alarmed” by recent happenings in the country.

“When I chat with Kiran at home, she says, ‘should we move out of India?’ That’s a disastrous and big statement for Kiran to make. She fears for her child. She fears what the atmosphere around us will be. She feels scared to open the newspapers every day. That does indicate that there is this sense of growing disquiet, there is growing despondency apart from alarm,” Aamir said.

Now whether Aamir is misled or himself trying to mislead the community he belongs to, it’s a matter of debate. Is it ETHICAL for the Brand Ambassador like to Criticize the Brands Incredible India & Atithi Devo Bhav they are paid to Promote ? Our PM had also nominated him for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. Then what suddenly happened that caused him to speak about rising intolerance in the country? The only intolerance I am noticing is that of pseudo seculars/liberals against Modi govt. What Indian Muslims actually want is appeasement, not development.

Regarding the issue of intolerance, that is directly related to Indian Secularism, I would like you all to go through wonderful articles written by Tufail Ahmad and what I will really like to see is more such Muslims who have taken upon themselves to bring reforms within their religion. I am providing the links below:

http://indiafacts.co.in/indian-secularism-views-indian-muslims-as-pakistanis/

http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-politics/secularism-is-a-threat-to-indian-muslims/d/105241

http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-politics/why-not-constitutional-path-for-indian-muslims?/d/104558

Also, the website http://www.newageislam.com/ needs a special mention because of the commendable work it’s doing in encouraging a healthy debate instead of denying the ground realities.

Returning back to the case of Aamir Khan, I hope that Aamir Khan leads the way in transforming the country by using the goodwill that he has earned as an actor; and not run away from the country by using lame excuses.

As per an Indian woman Shefali Vaidya, He is a Muslim superstar in a country where majority of the cinema going audience is Hindu. They spend their hard-earned money to make him a celebrity. He married twice, both times, to HINDU women. His Muslim identity never came in the way of his professional or personal successes.

Aamir never felt ‘insecure’ when some of his co-religionists burned Mumbai multiple times, when the five star hotel he frequent visits was held hostage by a few Islamic Terrorists. He never felt insecure when his co-religionists from Reza Academy destroyed a National Memorial in his city, he never felt insecure when they assaulted cops on duty. He never felt insecure when a massive mob of his co-religionsits gathered in his city for the funeral of a hanged terrorist. He never opened his mouth when any of this was happening.

But NOW he says his wife wants him to leave India because she is feeling ‘insecure’?

My personal opinion is that Aamir is a hypocrite, playing the victim card like his peer Shahrukh, and always using the situations prevailing in the country to publicize himself and promote his movies/shows. The below mentioned article supports my view-point.

http://shankhnaad.net/india/social-harmony/item/329-aamir-khan-and-hypocricies

By the way, congrats to Indian public who have hit the hammer at the point where it really hurts (i.e. financial) to someone earning crores by achieving stardom; by boycotting the companies that Aamir endorses.

Now, after drawing a flak from his own co-stars and facing public anger, I wish that he comes to his senses. The country has given too much to him and now it’s time to pay back to the country.

Update: The actor has issued an official statement:

“First let me state categorically that neither I, nor my wife Kiran, have any intention of leaving the country. We never did, and nor would we like to in the future. Anyone implying the opposite has either not seen my interview or is deliberately trying to distort what I have said. India is my country, I love it, I feel fortunate for being born here, and this is where I am staying.
Secondly, I stand by everything that I have said in my interview.
To all those people who are calling me anti-national, I would like to say that I am proud to be Indian, and I do not need anyone’s permission nor endorsement for that.
To all the people shouting obscenities at me for speaking my heart out, it saddens me to say you are only proving my point.
To all the people who have stood by me, thank you.”

Now what does this mean? He can pass opinions as per his wish but others can’t? Those who support his intolerance remark are actually the tolerant ones and those who disagree with him are intolerant? #AdarshLiberalLogic

You are free to post your opinions, as I believe that we all have Freedom of Speech and I am neither intolerant nor do I wish to seen as a follower of secularism that is in fashion right now 🙂

Windows 10 Nov Update

The “Windows 10 Fall Update” (or November Update, or even Windows 10 1115) looks to bring some new features and improvements to the fledgling universal OS. Here are some of them:

Start Menu gets a fourth column of tiles, which allows you to fit up to four medium or two large Live Tiles per group. Also, support for tiles on Start has been bumped from 512 to 2048 to give you plenty room to pin apps to the menu.

Now inside Task View on Tablet mode, users can snap apps, swap apps already snapped and swipe down to close apps.

Users will get updated context menus throughout the operating system, including redesigned Power User, Taskbar, and Desktop context menus.

Cortana gets the improvement of handwriting recognition. Users will be able to use a stylus to create reminders based on locations, times, and numbers Cortana can recognize from your digital annotation. The assistant now can also track your bookings and other events by scanning your email confirmations.

Microsoft is also enabling Cortana to alert you about missed calls from your Windows phone. Even more, you can reply the missed called via text message right from the notification.

Another very interesting addition that multitaskers are going to appreciate is the ability to resize the adjacent app at the same time you’re resizing a window. If you don’t have the feature enabled, go to Settings > System > Multitasking.

Windows apps, including Settings, Store, and Microsoft Edge now show a solid color background while starting that matches the profile color scheme, and apps have the same closing animations just like desktop applications.

Microsoft is also changing some of the old icons for new modern ones. For example, you’ll see new icons in Control Panel, Device Manager, and Registry.

Not only the software giant is moving elements from Control Panel to the new unified Settings app, but it’s also adding new interesting features.

In Devices > Printers & scanners there is a new feature that lets Windows manage which printer is set as the default. When you switch the Let Windows manage my default printer option, your default printer will be the last printer you use.

In System > Display, you can adjust the scaling settings without having to click the Apply button. Just move the slider and see the changes.

In System > Power & Sleep Surface and perhaps other battery-powered devices will see the Save me power when Cortana knows I am away.

In System > Storage, Microsoft is finally enabling the ability to install apps on a secondary storage device e.g. micro SD card.

In Personalization > Lock screen, Microsoft is bringing Windows Spotlight to Windows 10 Pro. This feature changes the Lock screen wallpaper periodically and is available under “Background.” Also, the software giant is now letting you disable the sign-in screen wallpaper with the Show Windows background picture on the sign-in screen option.

In Personalization > Start, users will see two new options: Show more tiles, which now allows to include a fourth row of tiles on the Start menu. The other is Occasionally show suggestions in Start, which let users decide if they want to see Store apps suggestions in the Start menu.

In Accounts > Your email and accounts there is a new central location that allows users to add email, calendar, and contacts accounts.

In Accounts > Work access organizations will be able to easily to connect to Azure AD and enroll the device using the device management (MDM).

On Time & language > Date & time, you can set the time zone to adjust automatically.

In Privacy > Call history, users can let apps access their call history. In Privacy > Email, users can control whether apps can access and send emails.

In Privacy > Find My Device, users will be able to configure and hence, find their device if it ever gets stolen or misplaced. This feature works in combination with a user’s Microsoft Account.

In Microsoft Edge, alongside bugs and improvements, Windows is adding Tab Preview to allow users to hover over open tabs, getting a small preview of a particular web page. Microsoft Edge users can finally sync passwords, bookmarks, and Reading List items across devices. Cortana assistance in Edge gets more productive in this release. Now users can highlight text and research content from PDF files.

There is also the ability to launch multiple instances of the web browser, and F12 tools for developers now docks to the main window.

Microsoft adds Object Real-Time Communication (ORTC) API that allows real-time communication without having to install plugins.

Windows 10 Fall Update enables Cast media to device, which similar to Google’s Chromecast, lets users cast videos, pictures, and audio from Microsoft Edge to any Miracast and DLNA device over the network. There is no setup required. Simply visit a website with compatible content (e.g., YouTube, Facebook, or Pandora), go to the main menu on Edge, and click Cast media to device.

Unfortunately, browser extensions are not coming until early 2016.

Microsoft is also including several new apps, such as Sway, and the new messaging apps powered by Skype. After installing the Windows 10 Fall Update, users will see the new Messaging, Phone, and Skype video apps installed on their systems.

Among many of the changes and improvements, Microsoft is including an updated Memory Manager that has a new feature called compression store. The idea is that when memory is needed, unused pages will be compressed in memory instead of writing them to disk. This new concept should help to make computers faster.

Windows 10 Fall Update includes the ability for nested virtualization, allowing users to run Hyper-V virtual machines inside of virtual machines.

The update will also make changes to the “Reset This PC” feature to allow users to restore their PCs to the Fall Update instead of the Windows 10 (build 10240). Also, with this change, users who upgraded from Windows 8.1 will lose manufacturer’s customizations, but this won’t be the case if the computer came with Windows 10.

The first major update for Windows 10 enables a new Intel technology called Speed Shift that comes built into the sixth-gen Skylake processors. The feature allows the operating system to delegate certain tasks, such as frequency and voltage to the processors to make the computer more responsive and with the ability to better control the power management.

Finally, Microsoft is also making some changes on activation. In this new release, users will be able to activate Windows 10 using a genuine Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 product key without the need to go through the tedious process of upgrading first. And if the activation fails, users should be able to go directly to Settings > Update & security > Activation and “easily” change the product key.

The next major update “Redstone” arrives in mid-2016.

 

 

Read with an open mind & without having any pre-conceived notion

In the wake of recent Paris attacks, I got the chance to read some articles as I was pondering upon the issue of terrorism, its causes and how it can be tackled with. Below I am providing links for the same. Do read them, think, and then post your opinions.

http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/11/09/islam-is-a-religion-of-violence-ayaan-hirsi-ali-debate-islamic-state/

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/what-isis-really-wants/384980/

And please don’t give the lame excuses like “terrorism is the result of oppression by western countries”. If it were true that terrorism is born because of attacks by the West, India which was attacked for 1300 years should be full of terrorists.